Sunday, 23 October 2016

Symptoms Of High Blood Pressure

In this article write a full information of high blood pressure. full details of high blood pressure causes,symptoms,what is high blood pressure ,definition of high blood pressure symptoms of high blood pressure. We also write treatment of high blood pressure like as medicine of high blood pressure,treatment of high blood pressure in home.Sign of high blood pressure,symptoms of high blood pressure dizziness. And also write how to reduce high blood pressure in a limit time period


what is high blood pressure
symptoms of high blood pressure 
high blood pressure treatment 

High Blood Pressure Symptoms:

Blood pressure is a measurement of the force against the walls of your arteries as your heart pumps blood through your body. Hypertension is another term used to describe high blood pressure.

Blood pressure readings are given as two numbers. The top number is called the systolic blood pressure. The bottom number is called the diastolic blood pressure. For example, 120 over 80 (written as 120/80 mmHg).

One or both of these numbers can be too high.

Normal blood pressure is when your blood pressure is lower than 120/80 mmHg most of the time.
High blood pressure (hypertension) is when your blood pressure is 140/90 mmHg or above most of the time.
If your blood pressure numbers are 120/80 or higher, but below 140/90, it is called pre-hypertension.
If you have heart or kidney problems, or you had a stroke, your doctor may want your blood pressure to be even lower than that of people who do not have these conditions.

Times Essentials
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Practical Blood Pressure Advice, Too Often Shelved for Convenience
REPORTER'S FILE
Practical Blood Pressure Advice, Too Often Shelved for Convenience
By ERIC SABO
One high blood pressure drug or two? How about none at all?

EXPERT Q & A
The Worldwide Challenge of Blood Pressure Control
QUESTIONS FOR YOUR DOCTOR
What to Ask About Hypertension
CLINICAL TRIALS
Selected Studies: Hypertension
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REFERENCE FROM A.D.A.M.
Back to TopAlternative Names
Hypertension; HBP
Back to Top
Causes »
Many factors can affect blood pressure, including:
The amount of water and salt you have in your body
The condition of your kidneys, nervous system, or blood vessels
Your hormone levels
You are more likely to be told your blood pressure is too high as you get older. This is because your blood vessels become stiffer as you age. When that happens, your blood pressure goes up. High blood pressure increases your chance of having a stroke, heart attack, heart failure, kidney disease, or early death.
You have a higher risk of high blood pressure if:
You are African American
You are obese
You are often stressed or anxious
You drink too much alcohol (more than 1 drink per day for women and more than 2 drinks per day for men)
You eat too much salt
You have a family history of high blood pressure
You have diabetes
You smoke
Most of the time, no cause of high blood pressure is found. This is called essential hypertension.
High blood pressure that is caused by another medical condition or medicine you are taking is called secondary hypertension. Secondary hypertension may be due to:
Chronic kidney disease
Disorders of the adrenal gland (such as pheochromocytoma or Cushing syndrome)
Hyperparathyroidism
Pregnancy or preeclampsia
Medications such as birth control pills, diet pills, some cold medicines, and migraine medicines
Narrowed artery that supplies blood to the kidney (renal artery stenosis)
What is blood pressure?The correct answer is a measurement of the force against the walls of your arteries as your heart pumps blood through your body. Your blood pressure is reported as two numbers: systolic over diastolic blood pressure. If either number is too high, there will be extra stress on your heart and blood vessels. A common sign of high blood pressure is:The correct answer is none of the above. In most people, high blood pressure does not cause any symptoms. This means you may only find out about the problem when your doctor or nurse checks your blood pressure. Ask your doctor how to prevent high blood pressure.When blood pressure stays high, it can lead to:The correct answer is all of the above. Diagnosing high blood pressure early can help prevent these health problems. Get your blood pressure checked every two years if it was normal at your last reading and at least once a year if it was 120/80 or above. If you have high blood pressure, your doctor may ask you to check it at home. High blood pressure can cause the heart muscle to thicken.The correct answer is true. As the heart muscle works harder, it can become so thick that it doesn't get enough oxygen. This can cause chest pain and may lead to heart failure. Heart failure occurs when the heart can't pump enough blood to the rest of your body. Talk with your doctor about how to lower high blood pressure.High blood pressure can make the blood vessels wider.The correct answer is false. High blood pressure causes blood vessel walls to get thicker. Over time, fat and cholesterol can also build up on vessel walls. These two problems together cause blood vessels to become narrow, so blood can't flow as freely. Reduced blood flow can increase the risk of heart attack and stroke.Which is a sign of decreased blood flow?The correct answer is all of the above. High blood pressure can raise your risk of peripheral artery disease (PAD). This is the narrowing of the vessels that carry blood to the legs and feet. PAD occurs most often in men over age 50. See your doctor if you have high blood pressure and notice any discomfort in your legs or feet.Which of the following are risk factors for stroke? The correct answer is all of the above. High blood pressure is the number one risk factor. A stroke occurs when a blood vessel that supplies the brain bursts or gets blocked by a blood clot. The symptoms depend on which part of the brain is affected. Ask your doctor to explain warning signs of stroke.Which is NOT a common warning sign of stroke?The correct answer is chest pain. If you notice any signs of stroke listed above, call 9-1-1 immediately. Prompt treatment can save your life. If the stroke is caused by a blood clot, a clot-busting drug may be given to dissolve the clot. For this drug to work, you must be treated 3 to 4 1/2 hours after symptoms first started.If high blood pressure affects your eyes, you might develop:The correct answer is all of the above. High blood pressure can damage blood vessels in the retina, the part of the eye that changes images into signals the brain can read. You may not have symptoms at first. Tell your doctor right away if you notice any changes in vision.Symptoms of kidney disease appear immediately.The correct answer is false. Your kidneys remove wastes and excess water from your body. High blood pressure damages the kidneys, making it harder for them to function. Kidney disease often has no symptoms until a lot of damage has occurred. Controlling high blood pressure can protect your kidneys.In-Depth Causes »
Back to Top
Symptoms »
Most of the time, there are no symptoms. For most patients, high blood pressure is found when they visit their health care provider or have it checked elsewhere.
Because there are no symptoms, people can develop heart disease and kidney problems without knowing they have high blood pressure.
Malignant hypertension is a dangerous form of very high blood pressure. Symptoms include:
Severe headache
Nausea or vomiting
Confusion
Vision changes
Nosebleeds
In-Depth Symptoms »
Back to Top
Treatment »
The goal of treatment is to reduce your blood pressure so that you have a lower risk of complications. You and your health care provider should set a blood pressure goal for you.
If you have pre-hypertension, your health care provider will recommend lifestyle changes to bring your blood pressure down to a normal range. Medicines are rarely used for pre-hypertension.
You can do many things to help control your blood pressure at home, including:
Eat a heart-healthy diet, including potassium and fiber.
Drink plenty of water.
Exercise regularly for at least 30 minutes of aerobic exercise a day.
If you smoke, quit.
Limit how much alcohol you drink to 1 drink a day for women, and 2 a day for men.
Limit the amount of sodium (salt) you eat -- aim for less than 1,500 mg per day.
Reduce stress. Try to avoid things that cause you stress, and try meditation or yoga to de-stress.
Stay at a healthy body weight.
Your health care provider can help you find programs for losing weight, stopping smoking, and exercising.
You can also get a referral from your health care provider to a dietitian, who can help you plan a diet that is healthy for you.
How low your blood pressure should be and at what level you need to start treatment is individualized, based on your age and any medical problems you have.
There are many different medicines to treat high blood pressure.
Often, a single blood pressure drug may not be enough to control your blood pressure, and you may need to take two or more drugs.
It is very important that you take the medicines prescribed to you.
If you have side effects, your doctor can substitute a different medicine.
In-Depth Treatment »
Back to TopPrevention
Most people can prevent high blood pressure from occurring by following lifestyle changes designed to bring blood pressure down.
Back to TopReferences
American Diabetes Association. Standards of medical care in diabetes -- 2014. Diabetes Care . 2014;37 Suppl 1:S14-S80.
Goldstein LB, Bushnell CD, Adams RJ, et al. Guidelines for the primary prevention of stroke: a guideline for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke . 2011 Feb;42:517-584.
Handler J, et al. 2014 evidence-based guideline for the management of high blood pressure in adults: report from the panel members appointed to the Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8). JAMA . 2014 Feb 5;311(5):507-520.
James PA, Oparil S, Carter BL, et al. 2014 Evidence-Based Guideline for the Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults: Report From the Panel Members Appointed to the Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8). JAMA. 2014;311(5):507-520.
Kaplan NM. Systemic hypertension: Treatment. In: Bonow RO, Mann DL, Zipes DP, Libby P, eds. Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine . 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 46.
Peterson ED, Gaziano JM, Greenland P. Recommendations for treating hypertension: what are the right goals and purposes? JAMA . 2014 Feb 5;311(5):474-476.
Victor, RG. Systemic hypertension: Mechanisms and diagnosis. In: Bonow RO, Mann DL, Zipes DP, Libby P, eds. Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine . 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 45.
Weber MA, Schiffrin EL, White WB, Mann S, Lindholm LH, Kenerson JG, et al. Clinical practice guidelines for the management of hypertension in the community:a statement by the American Society of Hypertension and the International Society of Hypertension. J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) . 2014 Jan;16(1):14-26. Epub 2013 Dec 17.
Wright JT Jr, Fine LJ, Lackland DT, Ogedegbe G, Dennison Himmelfarb CR. Evidence supporting a systolic blood pressure goal of less than 150 mm hg in patients aged 60 years or older: the minority view. Ann Intern Med . 2014 Apr 1;160(7):499-503.
MORE INFORMATION ON THIS TOPIC
Background Diagnosis Causes Risk Factors Complications Symptoms Treatment Lifestyle Changes Medications References News & Features Reporter's File Expert Q & A Questions for Your Doctor Clinical Trials
Review Date: 5/13/2014
Reviewed By: Michael A. Chen, MD, PhD, Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington Medical School, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

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Sign Of High Blood Pressure

In this article write a full information of high blood pressure. full details of high blood pressure causes,symptoms,what is high blood pressure ,definition of high blood pressure symptoms of high blood pressure. We also write treatment of high blood pressure like as medicine of high blood pressure,treatment of high blood pressure in home.Sign of high blood pressure,symptoms of high blood pressure dizziness. And also write how to reduce high blood pressure in a limit time period


what is high blood pressure
symptoms of high blood pressure 
high blood pressure treatment 

High Blood Pressure Sign:

Systolic pressure is the top number. It represents the pressure the heart generates when it beats to pump blood to the rest of the body.
Diastolic pressure is the bottom number. It refers to the pressure in the blood vessels between heartbeats.
Blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg). So blood pressure would be expressed, for example, as 120/80 mmHg.

High blood pressure is diagnosed when one or both of these numbers is too high. High blood pressure is also called hypertension.

Blood pressure is categorized as follows:

Normal: Less than 120/80 mmHg

Prehypertension: 120/80 to 139/89 mmHg

Stage 1 hypertension: 140/90 to 159/99 mmHg

Stage 2 hypertension: 160/100 mmHg and above

Usually, systolic pressure increases as we age. However, after age 60, diastolic pressure usually begins to decline.

Prehypertension is not a disease—yet. But it does mean you are at increased risk for developing high blood pressure.

Although high blood pressure can cause symptoms such as headache and pounding heartbeat, it often causes no symptoms at all.

So why worry about high blood pressure? Because even when high blood pressure is not causing any symptoms, it can silently damage many organs, including the:

Brain
Eyes
Heart
Kidneys
Arteries throughout the body
You may not recognize the damage that silent hypertension has been doing to your body until you suddenly are stricken with a major disease. For example, hypertension increases your risk of heart attack, stroke, and kidney failure.

High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

Symptoms
Usually, hypertension does not directly cause symptoms. When blood pressure is very high, it can cause:

Headaches
Dizziness
Fatigue
Ringing in the ears
Diagnosis
The diagnosis of hypertension depends on blood pressure readings. Therefore, it's essential that blood pressure be measured carefully.

To obtain an accurate blood pressure measurement:

Avoid the following for at least one hour before you have your blood pressure taken:
Strenuous exercise
Smoking
Eating
Drinking caffeinated beverages
Be seated for at least five minutes before the reading is taken.
Do not talk while your blood pressure is being measured.
Two readings should be recorded and averaged.
If your blood pressure is high, your doctor should examine your eyes, heart and nervous system, to look for evidence of damage from hypertension.

If there is no such evidence, you should return for at least two more blood pressure measurements. Only then should the doctor diagnose you with hypertension. That is because a single high reading can happen to anyone.

If you are diagnosed with hypertension, other tests will check for organ damage. These tests can include:

Blood tests to check kidney function
An electrocardiogram (EKG) to look for:
Thickening of the heart muscle
Irregular heart rhythms
A chest x-ray to look for:
Enlargement of the heart
Fluid buildup in the lungs due to heart failure

Prevention
To prevent high blood pressure:

Get regular aerobic exercise
Limit your intake of salt and alcoholic beverages
Eat a diet rich in fruits and vegetables and low in saturated fats
Avoid smoking
Maintain a desirable body weight
Hypertension increases your risk of heart attack and stroke. So it is important to modify your risk factors for coronary artery disease. In addition to the above actions, you should:

Quit smoking
Reduce your high LDL (bad) cholesterol
You may be able to cure your hypertension with lifestyle changes alone.

Treatment
Sometimes lifestyle changes cannot adequately control hypertension. If this is the case, medication will be needed.

Antihypertensive medications include:

Diuretics
Beta-blockers
ACE inhibitors
Angiotensin receptor blockers
Calcium channel blockers
Alpha-blockers
People with diabetes, kidney disease or heart problems are at higher risk of complications from hypertension. As a result, they are usually treated more aggressively with medications.

When To Call A Professional
Adults should have their blood pressure measured at least every few years.

If your blood pressure is higher than 120/80 mmHg, schedule regular appointments with your doctor. Have your blood pressure monitored more regularly. And get advice about modifying your lifestyle to prevent future problems.

Prognosis
The prognosis for hypertension depends on:

How long you've had it
How severe it is
If you have other conditions (such as diabetes) that increase the risk of complications
Hypertension can lead to a poor prognosis even if you do not have symptoms.


When high blood pressure is treated adequately, the prognosis is much better. Both lifestyle changes and medicines can control your blood pressure.